Have you ever wondered why some of your buds get better looking than others? Or they take longer to flower or look more mature. Well, these characteristics are related to cannabinoids. The cannabinoid profile of cannabis varies between plants, especially during the flowering stage. This article explains the main differences in cannabinoids and terpene profiles and their impact on quality and yields.
Cannabis has become the most commonly consumed illicit drug worldwide. Its usage has increased rapidly over the last three decades, from less than four million annual users in 1980 to nearly 200 million in 2018. Despite its recent legalization in several countries (e.g., Canada and Uruguay) for recreational purposes, cannabis remains illegal under U.S. federal law.
There are various ways to determine the THC and CBD contents of your marijuana plant and assess the yield and quality of your harvest. Check out our tutorial video to see how to do it correctly.
Cannabis Buds & When To Harvest?
Cannabis buds develop at different times throughout their lifetime. Generally speaking, flowering starts after the vegetative stage in about 4 months, depending on conditions (i.e., climate). But remember that sometimes flowers start earlier than expected due to the weather, especially in cool climates. When harvesting, look for flowers with thick petals, shiny green leaves, and open-ended pistils. Flowers should snap off easily without bending them.
Buds get bigger and denser over time, and the quality and taste improve. Each stage of bud development gives the plant what it needs to produce its maximum yield. To reap the greatest rewards from your harvest, keep track of your plants’ progress by measuring the length of each flower cluster using a ruler and marking each cluster’s date. If you have a few plants, you’ll be able to tell how long they took to mature by counting back from your first harvest.
The first stage, pre-flowering, occurs just before the buds swell. You may notice tiny white hairs forming around the base of the stem. These hairs will turn into the first flowers, or trichomes, which give some strains their distinct flavors and aromas. Your plants are likely producing THC, the psychoactive ingredient that gets you high, during this phase. You won’t find resin glands after the flower head has fully formed and matured.
Flower heads start to form around two weeks after your plants begin flowering. There are three types of cannabis flowers – Indica, Sativa, and ruderalis. Indica flowers are more compact, while sativas are taller, bushier, and more wide-leafed. Ruderalis flowers are shorter and thinner. Different varieties of cannabis often produce varying potency levels, so test your finished product if you want a specific strain.
Flowers become fully developed and ready to be harvested once they reach full maturity. At this point, the bud should be firm, dense, and sticky to the touch. The flowers should have no visible sign of thinning, which indicates that they haven’t been exposed to sunlight and could lose potency.
If you’re using your cannabis for extraction, wait until the last day of flowering before harvesting your plant. That way, you’ll have a greater yield of resin glands. Don’t squeeze the plant dry, though. Leave enough space between your fingers so you don’t bruise the bud.
HypnoSeeds is your go-to source for all the latest cannabis news. In addition to keeping you up-to-date on current events, we also sell the best Hypno strains and provide step-by-step guides so you can grow them yourself. Whether you’re a first-time grower or a seasoned pro, we have everything you need to get started. So what are you waiting for? Check us out today!